MICHAEL HAMILTON
POSTAL HISTORY
POSTMARKS
STAMPS
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A fascinating "MEANS OF DELIVERY" has been set up in POSTAL HISTORY + Subjects showing all types of British West Indies mail you might encounter.



Country: All
Subject: Cholera Clear

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NASSAU via PHILADELPHIA to LONDON, Bahamas postal history
1852 outer wrapper docketted "Nassau 13 Oct 1852" landed blue PHILADELPHIA OCT 30 showing "24" surface charge to New York (where it caught the Cunard steamer “Europa” to Liverpool) and black circled "5" for ship to The Rev. George Osborn, Wesleyan Mission House, London rated 1/- with 17 NO arrival backstamp.
In late September 1852 there was an outbreak of cholera in the Bahamas in which over a 1,000 persons died within a period of five months. The Daily Atlas described “Vessels in the harbour being crowded with people fleeing the scourge”. Also on NO 17 1852 the RMSP "La Plata" arrived Southampton “under melancholy circumstances” – nine dead on board and 21 taken ill during the voyage from the West Indies (Pratique 6/02)
£175

Immigration to Australia, Cholera outbreak, JAMAICA postal and social history
1852 entire from Robert Bogle to D.J. Lanman, New York marked "pr. American steamer Sierra Nevada" with red KINGSTON JAMAICA PAID dated JY 24 1852/A rated red "4" with STEAMSHIP 10 Cts. Contents refer to a great many young men finding their way to Australia determined to seek their fortunes with an agent sent to New York to charter a fine vessel to come here and fit out, she is to carry 50 passengers at $200 each, plus we have had very bad accounts from Navy Bay, a number of people who went there (report) more dead than alive, Cholera has broken out among the people, our authorities act with much indifference, An American Steamer is now coming in from Navy Bay, I suppose I fear the accounts by her will be bad, the operations on the Railway are likely to be impeded if cholera breaks out.
£95

CHOLERA CHISEL SLITS and VINEGAR SPLASHING, Nevis to St. Christopher postal history
1854 NEVIS to ST. CHRISTOPHER disinfected against cholera: two entires, both with contents, written in the same hand addressed to Wigley & Burt in neighbouring Basseterre. First with no dateline or indication of origin heavily splashed with a disinfection agent, probably vinegar, and showing two 1¼ inch chisel slits spaced approximately two inches apart having been applied from reverse (penetrating through enclosure and envelope face) conforming with the officially prescribed methods of treatment of the period. Almost certainly written during the 1853/54 cholera outbreaks which spread through the islands leaving 3,920 dead in St. Christopher; 4,000 dead in Trinidad, and over 20,000 in Barbados. Exact dates for the outbreak are not established but a letter from Jamaica dated FE 24 1854 states upwards of ten cases of cholera in Kingston. The second entire, both written by Charles Kenney, is date-lined Nevis 8th July 1854 and was delivered without disinfection as the cholera epidemic had evidently abated by this date. Due the Royal Mail Steamer calling fortnightly, correspondence between the two islands could be exchanged swifter by means of private sloop. Neither entire shows indication of Post Office charge or private conveyance fee. Examples of disinfected mail from one Caribbean island to another are seldom encountered - this being the only recorded entire treated by both splashing and chisels slits which counts as interrupted mail. An marvellous eye-catching exhibition item.
British Parliamentary Papers state St. Kitts escaped the cholera of 1853, while it prevailed in the adjacent island of Nevis, from which it is distant only six miles. A strict quarantine has been kept up, nothing being allowed to land from Nevis except letters, which were first fumigated … Communication continued the whole time, but St. Kitts remained unscathed for many months after its cessation in the adjacent island.
£1650
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