MICHAEL HAMILTON
POSTAL HISTORY
POSTMARKS
STAMPS
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ST. VINCENT request: scans of any dated village abbreviated cancels overstruck at Kingstown by HORIZONTAL red "A10" will be greatly appreciated



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HRH Prince Alfred round-world-voyage 12 days prior assassins bullet, New South Wales postal history
1858 (MR 1) concession rate cover, signed by Francis H. Poore Commanding Officer, to London from Sgt. Wm. Grimes 61 Company Royal Marines H.M.S. "Galatea" - Sydney with 3 x GB QV 1d red Plate 93 pmk'd mail-boat "A99" with London AP 26 68 arrival. Perf. faults and edge soiling. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, Queen Victoria's second son (1844-1900) was never expected to be King and joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman aged 12. In 1867 he commissioned and commanded the 'Galatea' for a voyage around the world which would include the first royal visit to Australia. On FE 26 1867 the 'Galatea' left Plymouth Sound but the tour was abruptly curtailed in Sydney New South Wales on MR 12 1868 when Henry James O'Farrell, a Fenian sympathiser, attempted to assassinate the Prince - the Duke fell forwards on his hands and knees exclaiming "Good God! I am shot; my back is broken". His Royal Highness was tended back to health by six recently arrived nurses trained by Florence Nightingale.
Full details of the voyage can be found in the 487 page book entitled "The Cruise of H.M.S. Galatea" by John Milner and Oswald Walters Brierly. Prince Alfred was the first serious stamp collector in the royal family. He sold his collection to King Edward VII who shared his enthusiasm, who in turn gave it to his son King George V. Keenly expanded by the latter the two collections became the basis of what is now the Royal Philatelic Collection.
£1750





EARLIEST RECORDED LETTER written at LOUBIERE during the SEVEN YEARS WAR, Dominica postal history
1759 entire letter datelined at base of second page "Loubiere, Dom/que Le 8 Avril 1759" addressed to Capt. Brough of the Marines on board Her Majesty's Ship Panther (St. Rupert's Bay, Dominica). Contents in French, signed by G. Mayne St. Luce, discuss the increased prices of provisions which prevent him fulfilling Capt. Brough's order, remarking in particular on the scarcity and expensiveness of sea fish; he is, however, able to forward a cheese. Remarkably fine condition and a rare internal mail survivor with unusual content. (The previous earliest letter was written Dominica NO 10 1763 ex Nabarro 3/1975 R90, Sugarman 3/1994 R552 during the first British occupation as Dominica ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Paris FE 10 1762, the French settlers retaining their estates).
H.M.S. Panther, a 60 gun ship under Captain Molyneux Shuldham, was part of the fleet under Commodore Moore which captured Guadeloupe on JA 24 1759, during the Seven Years' War. Several ships, including H.M.S. Panther, were then detached from the fleet and proceeded to Prince Rupert's Bay at Dominica, in order to observe and follow the newly arrived French fleet which contained troops for the relief of the French islands in the West Indies. Mail from this theatre of war with campaign connection is virtually unknown. (Loubiere is in the south of the island near Roseau; Prince Rupert's Bay is in the north).
£1850

THE UNIQUE REGISTERED OFFICER'S CONCESSION RATE COVER, Bermuda postal history
1868 countersigned Officers Letter to Henry Moore, Glasgow from Asst. Surgeon Don, R.E. with QV 2d x 2 (one defective), 6d (6d privilege rate postage + 4d registration, still 2d cheaper than the civilian 1/- rate) pmk'd B/1 with fine strikes black sans-serif "REGISTERED" (two known, a chunkier seriffed type used in later years) and STG cds dated 4 JU 68 showing PAID/LIVERPOOL/BR. PACKET JU 29 68 transit. This is the only known registered officer's concession rate cover for the whole of the British West Indies group. Ex URWICK, LUDINGTON, PITTS.
The Officers priviledge rate was introduced JU 1 1867 and withdrawn DE 31 1869. The Bermuda based Royal Engineers (1863-68) created from scratch what was the longest circuit in the world for the British Army's military telegraph system with single overhead roadside wire connecting all the strategic forts. Commanding Officer Lt. Col. Nugent was responsible for the designing and construction of the western defences of the island.
£1825



EARLIEST LETTER FROM OROPOUCHE, TRINIDAD postal history
1863 cover marked "Oropouche" from Robert Greenidge (FE 10) to Carrey & Co., Port of Spain with 1861 (1d) rose-red (SG.52) tied oval of bars "2" (Type 0.3 used San Fernando), backstamped 2/FE 13 63 and 1/FE 16 63 cds.
Michael Rego explains that the Post Office at Oropouche in the early 1860's was only manned by a Police Chief Constable, no deliveries were made, these only applied at the town of Port of Spain and San Fernando, the latter having one postmaster and two delivery men. Therefore a letter posted at Oropouche was taken by a government contracted rowing boat to the passing gulf steamer off Oropouche on its was to San Fernando where the postmaster cancelled the stamp. Prior to proper jetties being built the row boats picked up the mail with any passengers about a half mile from the land to the steamer.
£650


The Chinese minority (period violent anti-Chinese Lambing Flat Riots), Victoria postal history
1861 exceptionally rare handmade envelope from a Chinaman sent with correct QV 4d inland postage plus 1/- for registration pmk'd Castlemaine "31" numerals (no despatch date) to a Hung Hat, 53 Little Bourke Street, Melbourne (present day Chinatown) with red REGISTERED/A/AU 22 61/MELBOURNE. Exhibition item ex PACK, FORSTER, PERRY, KELLOW.
Chinese peasants had flocked to the newly discovered goldfields in the 1850's but their different organised methods of mining constantly aggravated their Europeans counterparts. By 1861 Australia had at least 38,000 Chinese in the country (1 in 9 of the population - at Bendigo gold fields there were 5367 Chinese men and only 1 woman). They were fanatically loyal to a despotic foreign emperor and the local fear was that he could order them to rise up at any moment. In 10 months of unrest at Burrangong, NSW (about 375 miles away) the most infamous riot of the goldfields occurred on the night of June 30th 1861 (some 7 weeks earlier) when a mob of 1500-2000 drove the Chinese off the Lambing Flat, and then moved to the Back Creek Diggings where they destroyed tents, stole possessions, and cruelly beat up 150-200 Chinese. This led to the NSW Chinese Immigration Act of November 1861 which seriously limited the flow of Chinese into the Colony.
£2750


HRH Prince Alfred round-world-voyage ended by Fenian assassination bullet, Gibraltar postal history
1867 cover from Tinahely to W.H. Symes, HMS 'Galatea', Gibralter (sic) with pair GB QV 1d red Plate 84 and strip of three, single Plate 85 pmk'd Rathdrum "388" diamond numerals when Ireland was a part of Great Britain, Tinahely and Rathdrum backstamps for MR 16 67 with London MR 18 67 transit. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, Queen Victoria's second son (1844-1900) was never expected to be King and joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman aged 12. In 1867 he commissioned and commanded the 'Galatea' for a voyage around the world which would include the first royal visit to Australia. On FE 26 1867 the 'Galatea' left Plymouth Sound for the Mediterranean with stops at Lisbon, Gibraltar (MR 14 to 26), Malta, a stay at Marseilles prior a crossing to Rio de Janeiro, returning via Tristan Da Cunha, staying at Cape of Good Hope prior onwards to Adelaide, South Australia with subsequent stays at Melbourne, Victoria and Tasmania. The tour was abruptly curtailed in Sydney NSW on MR 12 1868 when Henry James O'Farrell, a Fenian sympathiser, attempted to assassinate the Prince - the Duke fell forwards on his hands and knees exclaiming "Good God! I am shot; my back is broken". On board was surgeon James Young, M.D. and Assistant Surgeons William L. Powell and William H. Symes (1851-1933 of Tinahely), the two former names being mentioned as giving immediate assistance to His Royal Highness who was tended back to health by six recently arrived nurses trained by Florence Nightingale.
Full details of the voyage can be found in the 487 page book entitled "The Cruise of H.M.S. Galatea" by John Milner and Oswald Walters Brierly. Prince Alfred was the first serious stamp collector in the royal family. He sold his collection to King Edward VII who shared his enthusiasm, who in turn gave it to his son King George V. Keenly expanded by the latter the two collections became the basis of what is now the Royal Philatelic Collection.
£1250



The ERROR PANE Carnival booklet, St. Vincent stamps
1975 $2.50 Carnival booklet without intended 35c denomination (the four panes adding up to only $2.40 as a second 25c (for 35c) was printed by mistake). A great modern rarity in perfect unmounted mint condition.
The booklet was assembled by the St. Vincent Philatelic Bureau staff (126 girls at its peak in 1978). At a very late stage of collation and early stapling it was noticed there was no 35c value. A corrected pane was rapidly sent from the printers in Holland but some error booklets had already got into the standing order supply chain. The expectation was that no more than 15 to maximum 20 error booklets were in circulation which have still not been found to this day - they are out there!
£1250

RARE LATE RE-INTRODUCTION MARSEILLES ROUTE, Ceylon postal history
1871 cover marked "per French Steamer Via Marseilles" to London with DLR 1d blue, 1/- reddish violet pmk'd A/COLOMBO/DE 19 71 duplex with clear red London Paid 15 JA 72 arrival, reverse red Galle Paid DE 20 71 transit cds.
The Franco-Prussian War saw the closure of the overland Marseilles 1/1d route to the UK with mail being switched to the Brindisi route (initially 1/4d, reduced 1/- early 1870). The surface route via Southampton stayed at 9d. After the German victory in 1871 two covers are recorded with 1/1d rate by French steamer (other OC 23 71 with 5d, 8d to Aberdeen). These short-lived late uses come just before the introduction of new currency JA 1 1872. The last Pence issue sailing via Brindisi was DE 26 71
£1000


CAYMAN ISLANDS postal history
1913 cover (opened 2 sides) to Chas H. Phelps, Milk River Baths (mineral springs, highly radioactive), Milk River P.O., Jamaica with KGV 1d red pmk'd Type 5 GEORGETOWN MY 3 13 (SG lists FE 25 13 as release or earliest date), re-directed in blue crayon to Moneague House Hotel, Kingston and three times endorsed manuscript "Left the Island" with purple "REMOVED/ADDRESS UNKNOWN." (Proud Type 1100) and black "UNCLAIMED." (with stop), red RETURNED LETTER BRANCH, JAMAICA dated 9 JU 13 and presumed sender's name of "Mrs A.J. Robertson" in red crayon at left edge. A rare commercial inter-island cover full of character.
£625

GB used abroad at CALLAO, Peru postal history (Ex DALE LICHTENSTEIN)
1876 cover to Cumnock, Ayrshire with Peru 1d green (creased) and w/marginal pair GB QV 9d pale straw Plate 4 (SG.Z50, Cat.400) pmk'd Callao "C38" with blue COLVILLE & Co, CALLAO sender's cachet dated OCT 14 1876 alongside address panel, reverse with A/CALLAO/OC 14 76 and CUMNOCK A/NO 13 76 arrival, some peripheral faults and damaged flap. Ex DALE LICHTENSTEIN
£650

NEW BRUNSWICK postal history (Ex DALE LICHTENSTEIN, CARTIER)
1863 treble rate local cover with exceptionally rare QV 10c red bisected diagonally in se-tenant pair with whole stamp (SG.17) tied by mute grids on orange envelope to Richibucto, flap torn on opening, backstamped weak red KINGSTON and clearer black SHEDIAC both dated JY 20 1863. Ex DALE LICHTENSTEIN (Nov/1868) and CARTIER (Sept/1977 realised 1300). The 10c red bisected on its own (SG.17a, Cat.600 on cover) paying the 5c local rate is commonly found. The 10c alongside a separate 10c bisect on cover is exceptional (one noted dated DE 1860 paying 5c local rate plus 10c registration from Salisbury to Lower Coverdale SG Auction May/1979 realised 1300). Argenti only recorded three examples of the se-tenant 10c pair, one bisected on entire. The two other dated covers being FE 14 1861 from W.O. Albert Mines to Hampton paying 5c local, 10c registration (Dale Lichtenstein May/1969 R$525, Sothebys Sept/1984 E800) and a second triple local rate dated MR 30 1865 from St. John to Kingston, Richibucto marked "with note enclosure" no doubt accounting for the extra weight (ex Argenti, Groom, Chester Beatty).
Argenti only recorded three examples of this 15c make-up, two being treble local rate (for letters weighing 1 oz. but not exceeding 1 oz.), and one paying 5c local rate plus 10c registration
£4250




The MUSTIQUE ISLAND carriage labels - "No mint copies exist"
This is the only known 10c yellow mint sheetlet of two labels, produced circa 1971, in fresh unmounted mint condition (small gum disturbance at lower right), accompanied by both 10c yellow label on inaugural first flight cover dated 1 SEP 1971 which terminated the private conveyance service, and subsequent Urch Harris "ballot" order form for supply of the four covers. Lord Glenconnor, Colin Tennant, owner of Mustique island conceived the idea of 10c labels to privately convey island mail, with Government consent from the Hon. Hudson Tannis, Minister for Communications & Works, by more flexible regular use of small aircraft to mainland St. Vincent circumventing the slower and less frequent by boat service offered by the Mustique Post Office. Four differing colour same design labels were printed, and stocks ultimately depleted when they were affixed, alongside St. Vincent GPO issues, to SP 1 1971 first day covers for the official inaugural flight Mustique to St. Vincent. Cancelling of the covers was firstly undertaken by Doreen Simon, the Mustique schoolmistress who doubled as the island post mistress, and secondly by the mainland Kingstown G.P.O., and the bulk were carried back to London by a member of the Mustique management team in a suitcase via Luxembourg (accompanied by Princess Margaret). The Bristol based Urch Harris company, famed for their distribution of new issues
The Urch Harris catalogue listed printing quantities as 10c orange (2000), 10c blue (550), 10c yellow (250), 10c mauve (70). The Wilson figures for both blue and yellow are inaccurate and the estimated use for yellow labels used on inaugural flight covers is 234 leaving 14 labels (or 7 sheetlets) unaccounted for. No "earlier" service 10c orange labels are known on cover. Accompanied by scan of BWISC Bulletin article being the UH copied source for quantities affixed to first flight covers.
£1200


CEYLON postal history
1869 OFFICERS CONCESSION RATE OF 10d cover (1 of 2 known) endorsed "Chichester/Cap. A.D.C." at lower left to his daughter Amy in Cleobury-Mortimer RE-DIRECTED THREE TIMES on arrival with Ceylon QV 10d orange pmk'd black "B" showing red TRICOMALEE PAID AU 18 69 cds alongside and b/stamped red COLOMBO PAID A/AU 21 69. On arrival b/stamped LONDON N7/SP 20 69 and LONDON X10/SP 20 69 with re-direction to a Square in London S.W with circled "1d" due handstamp; further re-direction to Army Agents Cox & Co, Craig Street with free re-direction within London crowned "R" applied plus CHARING CROSS W.C. A6/SP 20 69 cds, finally re-posted with GB QV 1d red Plate 108 pmk'd BEWDLEY SP 21 69 duplex to Tiverton, Devon. Flap removed plus minor faults.
Officers did not mark their mail for the privilege postage rate of 6d per oz (plus any Foreign Rate) unless there was a savings. There was no advantage on U.K. mail when rates were 6d via Southampton and 10d via Marseilles, but increases to 9d and 1/1d respectively on FE 1 1868 allowed a savings of 3d (as seen on the above cover). The concessionary rate was withdrawn DE 31 1869 so savings were only possible over a 23 month period.
£3250



CEYLON postal history
TWO COVERS TRAVELLING ON THE SAME DATE VIA MARSEILLES to ENGLAND, the first with exceptionally rare (1 of only 2 known) OFFICERS CONCESSION RATE of 10d endorsed "Chichester/Cap. A.D.C." to his daughter in London pmk'd COLOMBO B/JY 3 69 backstamped London AU 2 69, the second with standard 1/1d rate to Axminster, Devon pmk'd COLOMBO B/JY 2 69 backstamped Axminster A/AU 3 69, both with missing flaps. An exceptional pairing.
Officers did not mark their mail for the privilege postage rate of 6d per oz (plus any Foreign Rate) unless there was a savings. There was no advantage on U.K. mail when rates were 6d via Southampton and 10d via Marseilles, but increases to 9d and 1/1d respectively on FE 1 1868 allowed a savings of 3d (as seen on the above cover). The concessionary rate was withdrawn DE 31 1869 so savings were only possible over a 23 month period.
£3750




The "42" Kolkata cover from Prince Alfred, Royal Visit to Ceylon 1870, a unique exhibition item
1870 cover with spectacular four colour Royal Coat-of-Arms printed flap posted by Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh (second son of Queen Victoria born 6 August 1844 and first member of the British Royal family to visit Ceylon) to his eminent friend Dr. Joseph Fayrer C.S.S., 42 Chowringhe Road, Calcutta with QV 1/- reddish lilac tied COLOMBO AP 18 70 duplex paying the double short-lived (1868-1870) 6d rate to India, reverse Galle transit and Calcutta STEAMER LETTER AP 27 70 arrival. (Ceylon was ceded to the British Empire in 1815 and when the Prince arrived March 30 1870 thousands of chiefs, headsman and ordinary people flocked to Colombo. On the day after arrival a grand reception was hosted by Governor Sir Hercules Robinson, and thereafter the Prince made excursions to elephant kraals with gatherings of 10,000 people or more, went elk hunting, elephant shooting, and was lavishly dined throughout, even with gold plates and gold cutlery encrusted with rubies, emeralds and pearls. Prince Alfred, Honorary President 1890-1900 of what is now the Royal Philatelic Society, was the first serious stamp collector in the royal family and it is thought that he encouraged his nephew, later KGV, to collect stamps. Prince Alfred sold his collection to his brother King Edward VII, who shared his enthusiasm, who in turn gave it to his son King George V, and keenly expanded by the latter the two collections became the basis of what is now the Royal Philatelic collection.
Sir Joseph Fayrer (1824-1907) was an English physician noted for his writings on medicine and particularly the treatment of venomous Indian snakebites. In 1847 he was appointed medical officer on H.M.S. Victory and in 1869 accompanied Prince Alfred, as his physician, on his grand tour of India. In 1901 he was appointed Physician Extraordinary to King Edward VII. Eastern India's tallest project, The "42", an iconic 62 storey tower with luxury apartments is planned for 42B Chowringhee Road.
£18500

BERMUDA postal history
1884 cover marked "per Orinoco" to Roxbury, Massachusetts with QV d stone, QV 2d bright blue CC wmk (SG.19,4) tied K3a "5" duplex used Paget East.
£1750





BERMUDA postal history Ex Ludington and "Emerald"
1871 Officer's envelope at the regular rate "via Halifax" to J.A. Pickworth, 8th Hussars, Island Bridge Barracks, Dublin, Ireland with 1865 QV 1/- green P.14 CC wmk (SG.8) tied CONTRARY TO REGULATIONS by HAMILTON A/MY 3 71 (H1) cds instead of the K1 "2" obliterator, flap with superb printed crest of the 53th Shropshire Regiment in Bermuda 1871 to 1874. Carried by "Alpha" 7 May to Halifax, and by "City of Limerick" from Halifax to Queenstown arriving 31 May. Exceptional quality making it one of Bermuda's finest single stamp covers. Ex LUDINGTON and "EMERALD". (The Privilege postage rate for Naval Officers (introduced JU 1 1857) and extended to Army Officers (as of JA 1 1858) was withdrawn 31 December 1869 making it no longer necessary for such personnel to identify their mail to indicate eligibility).
Geoff Osborn's JU 28 70 cover with 1d tied CONTRARY TO REGULATIONS by "STG" cds (H1) instead of the "B/1" killer fetched 2400 plus 360 buyers premium against an estimate of 300 (Sale date March 8 2012, lot 2209)
£1950

TWO DIFFERENT NUMBERS on 1d POSTAGE DUE, St. Lucia stamps
1930 1d black/blue unused vertical pair (SG.D1h, Cat.2,000), top stamp showing numbers 6536 and 6537, lower stamp showing number 6537.
Two different numbers on same stamp "few and far between" per Hap Pattiz. Partly erased with corrected number, and partially showing second number on same stamp much commoner.
£925

MIDDLE QUARTERS, Jamaica postmark
NEWLY DISCOVERED manuscript "Middle Quarters" on QV 2d Crown CC (SG.9a) dated Kingston A/JY 29 76 used pending the arrival of the "A.82" numeral, currently unique.
The Middle Quarters office was opened during May 1876 and the A.82 (Type M) numeral stated to have been sent during 1876. The earliest confirmed date of use for A.82 is currently JU 30 1882 on QV 1d Post Card (ex Surtees)
£725



MUSTIQUE ISLAND stamps: The currently only known 10c blue MUSTIQUE COMPANY LIMITED mint sheetlet
Produced circa 1971 in fresh unmounted mint condition, small surface abrasion lower right edge.
550 blue labels were printed and an estimated 525 blue labels used up on the inaugural flight covers which terminated the private conveyance service. Only an estimated 25 labels (or 12 sheetlets) remain unaccounted for. No earlier service 10c blue labels are known on cover. One 10c blue label is illustrated in Nicholas Courtney's book (available internet) alongside later cover which importantly shows the handwriting style of Colin Tennant matching the unique proving cover of the earlier service
£850
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