MICHAEL HAMILTON
POSTAL HISTORY
POSTMARKS
STAMPS
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HRH Prince Alfred round-world-voyage 12 days prior assassins bullet, New South Wales postal history
1868 (MR 1) concession rate cover, signed by Francis H. Poore Commanding Officer, to London from Sgt. Wm. Grimes 61 Company Royal Marines H.M.S. "Galatea" - Sydney with 3 x GB QV 1d red Plate 93 pmk'd mail-boat "A99" with London AP 26 68 arrival. Perf. faults and edge soiling. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, Queen Victoria's second son (1844-1900) was never expected to be King and joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman aged 12. In 1867 he commissioned and commanded the 'Galatea' for a voyage around the world which would include the first royal visit to Australia. On FE 26 1867 the 'Galatea' left Plymouth Sound but the tour was abruptly curtailed in Sydney New South Wales on MR 12 1868 when Henry James O'Farrell, a Fenian sympathiser, attempted to assassinate the Prince - the Duke fell forwards on his hands and knees exclaiming "Good God! I am shot; my back is broken". His Royal Highness was tended back to health by six recently arrived nurses trained by Florence Nightingale.
Full details of the voyage can be found in the 487 page book entitled "The Cruise of H.M.S. Galatea" by John Milner and Oswald Walters Brierly. Prince Alfred was the first serious stamp collector in the royal family. He sold his collection to King Edward VII who shared his enthusiasm, who in turn gave it to his son King George V. Keenly expanded by the latter the two collections became the basis of what is now the Royal Philatelic Collection.
£1750


The Chinese minority (period violent anti-Chinese Lambing Flat Riots), Victoria postal history
1861 exceptionally rare handmade envelope from a Chinaman sent with correct QV 4d inland postage plus 1/- for registration pmk'd Castlemaine "31" numerals (no despatch date) to a Hung Hat, 53 Little Bourke Street, Melbourne (present day Chinatown) with red REGISTERED/A/AU 22 61/MELBOURNE. Exhibition item ex PACK, FORSTER, PERRY, KELLOW.
Chinese peasants had flocked to the newly discovered goldfields in the 1850's but their different organised methods of mining constantly aggravated their Europeans counterparts. By 1861 Australia had at least 38,000 Chinese in the country (1 in 9 of the population - at Bendigo gold fields there were 5367 Chinese men and only 1 woman). They were fanatically loyal to a despotic foreign emperor and the local fear was that he could order them to rise up at any moment. In 10 months of unrest at Burrangong, NSW (about 375 miles away) the most infamous riot of the goldfields occurred on the night of June 30th 1861 (some 7 weeks earlier) when a mob of 1500-2000 drove the Chinese off the Lambing Flat, and then moved to the Back Creek Diggings where they destroyed tents, stole possessions, and cruelly beat up 150-200 Chinese. This led to the NSW Chinese Immigration Act of November 1861 which seriously limited the flow of Chinese into the Colony.
£2750



TRINIDAD - an exceptional destination cover to Malta
1871 cover to the Very Revd Father Philip, Franciscan, St. Mary of Jesus, Malta with undenominated (1d) scarlet, and difficult to read by gas-light value tablets 4d bright violet, 1/- lilac-rose (SG.69c,70,73a) each neatly tied by very fine strikes upright type 0.2 “6” numerals used at Arouca. Bagged at Head Office with red TRINIDAD PAID dbl-arc dated SP 8 1871 and showing London Paid 30 OC 71 transit, red crayon 1/4, and black handstruck “VIA MARSEILLES” for onward transmission. B/stamped clear 6/SP 8 1871 despatch cds (applied Arouca) and fine A/MALTA/OC 10 71 arrival cds. A most attractive three colour combination, and one of Trinidad’s finest destination covers for the classic period. Ex Sir John MARRIOTT.
Note: Type 0.2 '6' shows distinctive break midway left side. No examples Type 0.2 '9' have been established. With the arrival of new colours 4d grey and 1/- chrome (sent JY 13 1872) the impractical gaslight combinations of similar coloured mauves, purples and lilacs came to an abrupt end.
£4000
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