MICHAEL HAMILTON
POSTAL HISTORY
POSTMARKS
STAMPS
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Country: New South Wales Clear
Subject: All

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The "GALLE PENNY" Surcharge on NEW SOUTH WALES mail routed through Melbourne, VICTORIA
1874 cover marked "via Galle" to Dublin, Ireland with QV 1d, 6d pmk'd Sydney MY 16 74 duplex, no backstamps, part flap missing. Ex Trevor DAVIS (2002), "Emerald" (2003), CHARTELL (2018).
When the new contracts came into force in 1874 New South Wales refused to contribute to the P & O service because Melbourne, Victoria was made the mail terminus, and because NSW favoured the route via San Francisco. To use the route via Melbourne and Pt de Galle NSW had to pay a fee to Victoria based on the amount of letters sent by that route. In order to defray that expense, and also to discourage NSW writers from using the route, a 1d surcharge was added to the basic rate (6d via Southampton, and 9d via Brindisi) from 10 FEB 1874 to 27 MAY 1875. This surcharge is commonly called the "Galle Penny".
£300


NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1881 cover to Brooklyn, New York with QV 6d pmk'd Sydney JA 14 81 duplex with purple oval "PAID ALL" (seriffed letters applied Sydney), reverse San Francisco Paid All and Brooklyn AUG 16 arrival.
£75


NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1887 Wells & Leavitt, Sydney sender's cover to Fond Du Lac, Wisconsin with QV 6d tied Sydney MY 18 87 duplex, matching part purple CHICAGO cds and oval "PAID ALL" (sans-serif, applied at Chicago), very fine Fond Du Lac JUN 16 arrival b/stamp.
£125

To Captain of Ship "Achilles", NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1861 cover from Newcastle to Captain Hurt, or present Captain, of Ship "Achilles", Sydney with QV 2d pmk'd "55", reverse Newcastle NO 15 1861 and SYDNEY A O/NO 16 61.
£90

NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1858 cover to Captain Kent, 77th Regiment, Major of Brigade, Brigade Office with QV 1d pmk'd barred oval paying the "drop letter" rate, b/stamped SYDNEY MR 4 1858, both adhesive and cover with smaller faults.
The 77th (the East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot embarked for New South Wales in June 1857 and then sailed for India in April 1858 to help suppress the Indian Rebellion.
£125




GEELONG, Victoria to CONARGO, New South Wales postal history
1878 cover and enclosed letter to Joseph Brand, Conargo, nr. Deniliquin, New South Wales with Victoria QV 2d pmk'd Geelong "2" duplex dated 3 X/MY 17 78 showing manuscript "Unclaimed" and framed "ADVERTISED/UNCLAIMED" with red crayon "1" and "52", reverse UP TRAIN M.G.2. VICTORIA MY 17, Deniliquin MY 18, Conargo MY 18 and JY 2, Sydney JY 9 78, and green ink D.L.B. VICTORIA H/MY 9 79.
£125



Wreck of S.S. "Emeu" to Woodford, Kensington, missent Hackney, NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1857 entire with large part content to a Mrs. Cowell, Belgrave Villa, Woodford, near London with QV 6d slate tied barred oval cancel with fine SYNEY D/SEP 10 1857 displaying upper flap and red LONDON NL/DE 7 57 on address panel, on arrival re-directed Kensington and showing manuscript "Missent to Hackney", some smaller faults.
Sent on the S.S. "Emeu" (under charter of the Australian Royal Mail Co.) which left Sydney on September 11 bound for Suez, but stranded on October 22nd in the Red Sea, on the Guttal el Bunna, a coral reef 120 miles from Jeddah. She was refloated the following day and beached for repairs near Duber Dubb finally reaching Suez on the 3rd November, the mails however having been transferred to the P.&.O S.S. "Madras" which reached Suez on the 19th November (16 days after the "Emeu"!). Paid for delivery in Southampton the cover was sent from Alexandria on the P.&.O "Ripon" arriving December 7th.
£625



NEW SOUTH WALES cross border RIVERINA "forerunner", VICTORIA postal history
1852 wrapper with large part content to Deptford, London with clipped corners Victoria 1d x 2, 3d (SG.9a, 37 paying 2d inland rate, 3d ship letter rate) pmk'd Maidens Punt barred oval "12 and rated unpaid"8", reverse MAIDENS PUNT DC 18 1852 and Melbourne DC 20 1852.
The Maidens Punt Post Office was actually at Moama in New South Wales on the northern bank of the Murray River, and therefore can be considered as a cross border Riverina "forerunner".
£250

NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1876 cover to New Haven, Connecticut, USA with QV 6d pale lilac pmk'd Sydney B/JA 14 76 with handstruck red circled "PAID ALL" (with fleurons applied Sydney) showing San Francisco FEB 14 transit, no arrival backstamp.
The Postal Convention of FE 1 1874 between USA and NSW established the use of PAID ALL handstamps at Sydney on mail to San Francisco. Queensland and Victoria did the same when their conventions became effective in 1876 and 1879. Their use continued until the Colonies joined the UPU in 1891.
£120

NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1878 double rate cover to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA with QV 1/- black pmk'd Sydney C/FE 28 1878 with handstruck oval purple "PAID ALL" showing red San Francisco MAR 28 transit, b/stamped APR 4 arrival.
The Postal Convention of FE 1 1874 between USA and NSW established the use of PAID ALL handstamps at Sydney on mail to San Francisco. Queensland and Victoria did the same when their conventions became effective in 1876 and 1879. Their use continued until the Colonies joined the UPU in 1891.
£120

GUADELOUPE to NEW CALEDONIA forwarded NEW SOUTH WALES
1938 reg. cover to Noumea, New Caledonia with Guadeloupe 40c, 1f 75c pmk'd Basseterre 18 OCT 38 arriving Noumea 20 DEC 38 (backstamp), re-directed to the French Consul, Sydney, New South Wales with Nouvelle Caledonie 50c, 2f pmk'd Noumea 16 FEVR 39 showing 23 FEB 39 arrival (backstamp). An exceptional combination of countries.
£250

The "1d GALLE SURCHARGE", New South Wales postal history
1874 cover "Ellora via Galle and Brindisi" to Lower Norwood, Surrey, England with NINEPENCE on QV 10d, QV 1d pmk'd Sydney D/MY 15 74, reverse London JY 10 74 arrival. Edge tear at top, soiling.
When the new P&O contracts came into force in 1874 NSW refused to contribute to the P&O service because Melbourne was made the mail terminus, and because NSW favoured the route via San Francisco. To use the route via Melbourne and Pt de Galle NSW had to pay a fee to Victoria based on the number of letters sent by that route. In order to defray that expense, and also to discourage NSW writers from using the route, a 1d surcharge was added to the 9d rate via Brindisi from February 10th 1874 to May 27th 1875.
£325

BERMUDA to New South Wales, Australia postal history
1931 (NO 24) cover with 1d Caravel pmk'd Mangrove Bay to Michelago, New South Wales, both fancy decorative inside and unusual diagonal perforation for opening, no backstamps.
£30

NEW SOUTH WALES postal history (Ex WILLCOCKS)
1863 cover to Lambeth, London with QV 6d plus (6d) REGISTERED pmk'd "36" with handstruck REGISTERED/BRAIDWOOD and red (crown)/REGISTERED applied on arrival, reverse Braidwood JA 19 1863 despatch clear of missing flap. Worn appearance. Ex Martin WILLCOCKS (1999).
£195


HRH Prince Alfred round-world-voyage 12 days prior assassins bullet, New South Wales postal history
1868 (MR 1) concession rate cover, signed by Francis H. Poore Commanding Officer, to London from Sgt. Wm. Grimes 61 Company Royal Marines H.M.S. "Galatea" - Sydney with 3 x GB QV 1d red Plate 93 pmk'd mail-boat "A99" with London AP 26 68 arrival. Perf. faults and edge soiling. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, Queen Victoria's second son (1844-1900) was never expected to be King and joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman aged 12. In 1867 he commissioned and commanded the 'Galatea' for a voyage around the world which would include the first royal visit to Australia. On FE 26 1867 the 'Galatea' left Plymouth Sound but the tour was abruptly curtailed in Sydney New South Wales on MR 12 1868 when Henry James O'Farrell, a Fenian sympathiser, attempted to assassinate the Prince - the Duke fell forwards on his hands and knees exclaiming "Good God! I am shot; my back is broken". His Royal Highness was tended back to health by six recently arrived nurses trained by Florence Nightingale.
Full details of the voyage can be found in the 487 page book entitled "The Cruise of H.M.S. Galatea" by John Milner and Oswald Walters Brierly. Prince Alfred was the first serious stamp collector in the royal family. He sold his collection to King Edward VII who shared his enthusiasm, who in turn gave it to his son King George V. Keenly expanded by the latter the two collections became the basis of what is now the Royal Philatelic Collection.
£1750

NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1875 cover to Paris with three colour franking of 4d, 6d, 1/- pmk'd SYDNEY AU 9 1875, no flap.
£250

NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1883 cover via Naples to Berlin, Germany with QV 3d, 6d pmk'd SYDNEY HMY 7 83 duplex.
£85

178 used MARENGO, New South Wales postal history
cover with 2 x QV 2d to Hobart, Tasmania dated OC 13 1904 with handstruck "TOO-LATE".
£24


NEW SOUTH WALES postal history
1860 mourning cover to Muswell Brook with perf. Plate II QV 2d tied Tamworth "71" numeral, b/stamped MR or MY 22 60, part flap removed.
£140

FORWARDED BY/GEORGE A. LLOYD & Co/SYDNEY, N.S.W.
blue in oval cachet on lower flap of 1861 cover from San Francisco p. Electra to Parametta, N.S.W. The agent affixed the 2d and 2 x 1d adhesives for the onward 4d inland rate between Żoz and 1oz. Cover a little aged etc but believed to be the only example of this rare cachet.
£525
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